Honest Positive Determined Respectful

Relationships & Sex Education

A key feature of our relationships and sex education programme is to develop children’s self esteem and emotional well-being so that, as they mature, they have the confidence and emotional resilience to form positive, healthy relationships.

In lower school, relationships and sex education is embedded into the curriculum and is taught as part of Living Things and PSHE activities.

 To understand the similarities and differences between themselves and others
 To identify how they and others show their feelings
 To understand the importance of keeping their private parts safe from others.

Year 1
 To identify and name parts of the human body (the non-reproductive organs).
 To observe relationships outside of the family i.e. friendships.
 To explore basic vocabulary related to emotions and feelings.

Year 2
 To identify the basic needs of animals and humans.
 To observe relationships within a family.
 To continue to observe relationships outside of the family i.e. friendships.
 To understand that animals and humans have offspring that change as they grow.
 To reflect on changing skills, responsibilities and friendships as they grow older.

Children need to understand the underwear rule.

In upper school, children take part in a 6-week block of lessons each year during the summer term. They have a ‘Growing Up’ book’ which travels with them through the school, in which they record their learning. Lessons are taught on the firm basis that sex is part of a loving relationship and follow the progression outlined below.

Year 3
To know that at different stages of development we are capable of new things.
To know that all living things reproduce and that it is normally the female who gives birth.
To observe relationships within a family.
To observe relationships outside the family i.e. friendships.
To understand that they are special people and to think about their future positively.
To observe how our taste and clothing changes as we get older.

Year 4
To understand the difference between living and non-living, male and female and boys and girls.
To know the correct names for the parts of the body including the reproductive organs.
To identify characteristics that make us unique and special, including feelings.
To understand that growth and change are part of a natural life cycle.
To know that all living things come from other living things.
To identify the changes that have taken place and that may happen to them in the future with regards to physical features.
To understand that they are made from two grown up people who may have given them their characteristics.
To understand that a baby develops in the womb and that this is called pregnancy
(Children will be introduced to the vocabulary related to sex education for the first time. They watch a video showing a naked animated boy and girl.)

Year 5
To understand the physical changes that occur during puberty and the difference between changes they can and cannot be controlled.
To explore the vocabulary related to emotions and feelings.
To revisit the biological vocabulary for the organs of the body.
To understand the physical and practical implications of a girl starting her period.
To understand why reproduction is necessary within a life cycle.
To understand some of the processes of fertilisation.
To understand some of the positive and negative feelings we all experience.
To think about the impact a baby has on a family.
To understand the importance of good relationships in our family and with our friends.
To reflect on different types of love – family, friends, pets, places and possessions.
To understand how we can make others feel good.
To consider the different roles of members of the family.
To understand how a baby receives food and oxygen from their mother.
To understand that after 9 months a baby is ready to be born and a mother is described as about to go into labour.
To understand the legalities of sex.
(Children watch a video of a live birth and animated characters portraying sex.)

Year 6
To reflect on the changes that occur during puberty.
To understand the menstrual cycle.
To encourage children to share their problems about puberty, understanding their feelings as a normal process.
To understand the importance of good hygiene during puberty.
To dispel common myths about periods.
To understand how and why sperm is produced from puberty onwards.
To consider their relationships as friends between children of both sexes.
To explore how hard it is to express feelings in some situations.
To challenge stereotypes of boys and girls.
To explore how sex is portrayed in the media.
To explore the concept of marriage.
To reflect on the feelings children felt the first time they did anything.
To consider the factors that make close relationships with the opposite sex work.
To understand the legalities of sex.

Relationships & Sex Education Policy May 21
Video Clips
Diversity (Stonewall) Information