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At Wickford Primary School, our aim is for children to become confident, skilled communicators by providing rich teaching and learning opportunities that are both appropriately challenging and engaging. To achieve this, the children complete daily reading (KS1 and KS2) or phonics (KS1) and writing lessons as well as applying English skills to other areas of learning. We view the teaching of English as a fundamental part of the complete growth of the pupil, providing key skills to benefit pupils throughout their education and beyond as well as encouraging positive behaviours and attitudes towards learning as a whole.

The key areas of teaching and learning for English are:

  • Early reading
  • Phonics
  • Reading comprehension
  • Writing composition
  • Spelling
  • Handwriting
  • Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation
  • Spoken language

These skills are needed in all subjects. English skills should be seen as a “toolkit” that can be used in all lessons.

For further information about the English national curriculum, please click here and for our English policy, please click here


The ability to read is an essential skill for all aspects of learning. Our school has a strong reading culture, where we aim to foster a lifelong love of reading for pleasure, ensuring that reading is valued, rewarded and celebrated.

Our intent is for our pupils to be motivated, enthusiastic readers who have the required skills to read a range of texts fluently, with good understanding. We aim to foster a life-long love of reading that will stay with the children into adult life.

Early Reading

Children begin to develop their reading skills by learning the sound that each letter makes within a word. As the children develop their ability to recognise the sounds within the words, they learn to blend the sounds together to read the word. Eventually the children become fluent readers and progress onto longer, more complex texts. This process is taught through daily phonic lessons.

For more information on Early Reading, click here.


Daily phonic sessions are completed throughout lower school, following the Phonics Play scheme of work, based upon Letters and Sounds

Phase 1 = identifying different sounds around them, body percussion (e.g. clapping and stamping) and rhythm/ rhyme.

Phase 2 = learn 19 most common single letter sounds and some double letter digraphs sounds e.g. ‘ss’

Phase 3 = learn 25 other digraphs and trigraphs

Phase 4 = lots of blending and segmenting practice with the graphemes that have already been taught

Phase 5 = learn alternative spellings for phase 3 graphemes

Phase 6 = grammar and punctuation based. The children will also develop their dictionary skills.

For a description of the phonic terminology, please click here.


Comprehension is a skill that will transfer to many areas of learning and development. Comprehension of a text involves understanding the words and grammar as well as being able to apply it to their knowledge of the world. Comprehension skills develop through pupils’ experience of high-quality discussions with others and reading a wide range of appropriate texts. We recognise that in the future, pupils will be accessing more and more texts using information technology tools and use these within our lessons. This includes the use of our computer-based reading resources such as Bug Club or myON (KS2) (which pupils can use at home), through which children can access a wide variety of texts online.

Reading for Fluency

Reading a text to fluency has been proven to have a large impact on a pupil’s progress in multiple areas of learning. The best readers read a lot and are fluent. They are fluent because they practise. “When children are fluent, they are no longer learning to read, they are reading to learn.” When you are a fluent reader, it frees up your brain to think about what you are reading (comprehension) as little effort needs to go into decoding. We encourage and rehearse the skill of reading to fluency regularly in school in order to encourage the children to continue this at home and I other subject areas.

Reading expectations

We appreciate the vital role parents and guardians play in developing children’s reading. Reading is part of each child’s homework, therefore, parents are expected to assist with this. Each child has a reading journal in which reading at home should be recorded and teachers monitor this regularly. Parents are encouraged to discuss any concerns about their child’s reading with the class teacher.

For more information on strategies for supporting reading at home, please click the appropriate link below:

Lower School - Reception & KS1
Upper School - KS2

Book Banding

Initially in FS and KS1, all children will work through colour banded, phonetically decodable books which will be set by the class teacher, at an appropriate level for the child’s reading ability. When children have progressed through their phonetically decodable, banded books they will move to colour banded books that develop their fluency and comprehension skills.

In KS2, children are introduced to Accelerated Reader. Every half-term children complete a short online reading assessment called STAR Reader. This gives children their ZPD range - a range of books that offer challenge without causing frustration for children. Children will read books in school within their range, and are taught how to chose reading books. Once they have finished reading their book, children will complete quiz on their book on the Accelerated Reader website. To check the book level of a book, please search for the title here.

More information on Accelerated Reader can be found here.



“I write to give myself strength. I write to be the characters that I am not. I write to explore all the things I’m afraid of. ” – Joss Whedon 

Our intent is for our pupils to become keen, confident, fluent writers who will have the required skills to write successfully in a range of genres, for a variety of purposes. In addition to this, they will have the ability to use a wide range of vocabulary to suit their purpose and audience. The children will be able to apply these skills across the curriculum as well as real life situations, preparing them for adult life.

It is important for our children to develop the skills that will enable them to write with confidence, fluency and understanding. We aim to do this by enabling the children to experience writing in a range of contexts. We consider making writing as engaged as possible, relevant to children and, wherever possible, real-life contexts are used. Opportunities to publish finished writing are given to value the children’s efforts.

Writing composition

We recognise the link between saying ideas aloud and structuring them in writing. Planning, revising and evaluating are all important parts of composition. During English writing lessons, our children are taught skills in the following areas:

Sentence structure, punctuation, Organisation of text, including links within and between paragraphs and vocabulary choices. This, in turn, …


As a school, we provide an environment in which children are able to become confident and competent spellers. This is not only through specific spelling tasks and tests, but also in writing compositions and throughout the curriculum. Spelling is a work in progress - children cannot be expected to spell all the words they wish to use correctly – and life skills for learning and checking spellings are therefore taught and modelled by teachers. We feel that it is important for children to develop a positive and confident attitude to spelling, have a secure understanding of phonics and develop a range of strategies that they can apply in order to be successful spellers.

Spelling is based on the National Curriculum (2014) statutory appendices outlining spelling patterns and rules and word lists to teach. For more information, please click here.


“I don’t have bad handwriting, I’m just using my own font.” - Anonymous

Handwriting remains the most personal means of communication. A clear, legible style of writing helps communicate ideas without misunderstanding. Judgements are often made based on the appearance of a text before it is even read, therefore, we aim to enable pupils to write in a cursive style in order for them to write legibly, fluently and at an appropriate speed. As they are closely linked, handwriting is often taught alongside spelling. Although pupils should develop individual handwriting styles, children best develop their handwriting if it is taught within a structured approach. Handwriting is therefore explicitly taught by the teacher modelling specific letters, joins and words on the board so children have a secure understanding of how letters and words are formed.

For more information on our handwriting policy, please click here.

For an example of our school letter formation expectations, please click here.

Vocabulary, grammar and punctuation (VGP)

We aim for our pupils to be able to understand and use a wide range of vocabulary appropriately based on audience, purpose and context. They are also expected to use standard English correctly and be prepared for using all VGP skills in real-life situations. Teaching of VGP is based on the National Curriculum non-statutory glossary and additional guidelines. For more information on this, please click here.

What makes a good writer?

“Fill your paper with the breathings of your heart.” – William Wordsworth

For more information on what makes a good writer, please click on one of the options below:

What makes writing good in EYFS
What makes writing good in Year 1
What makes writing good in Year 2
What makes writing good in Year 3
What makes writing good in Year 4
What makes writing good in Year 5
What makes writing good in Year 6

Spoken Language

We acknowledge that speaking skills underpin communication and learning, therefore, we place a very high value on them. In essence, the best speakers make the best readers and writers. Our intent of for our pupils to be able to communicate clearly by speaking confidently and appropriately in a range of different situations and for different audiences. These skills will be transferrable into their written work where the understanding of vocabulary and grammar is imperative.

We aim for our children to speak confidently, audibly, fluently and appropriately in a range of situations and for different audiences. We expect them to listen and respond appropriately to adults and their peers, asking relevant questions and justifying answers or opinions. In addition to this, we encourage children to give well-structured descriptions and explanations in addition to participating in discussions, performances and debates.

Pupils with SEND

For information on how we support pupils with additional needs, please click here